The Life Cycle Completed, Erik Erikson
Psychologist, Erik Erikson argued that development is a lifelong process, from conception until death. He argued that we go through eight stages, the first in infancy and the last in old age. At each stage there is a crisis that we must deal with. To learn more, click inside the blue boxes.

Old Age
(Late (Adulthood)

Integrity vs. Despair / Disgust
Wisdom

Adulthood

           

Generactivity vs. Stagnation
Care

 

 Young
Adulthood

         

Intimacy vs. Isolation
Love

   

 Adolescence

       

Identity vs.
Self Diffusion
Fidelity

     

School Age
(Elementary
)

     

Industry vs.
Inferiority
Competence

       

Play Age
(Pre-school)

   

Initiation vs. Guilt
Purpose

         

Early
Childhood

 

Autonomy vs. Shame, doubt
Will

           

 Infancy

Basic Trust vs. basic mistrust
Hope